Inclusive Peace & Transition Initiative
Inclusion and State Legitimacy

Inclusion and State Legitimacy: Joint Project with the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy (Tufts University)

Legitimacy is an important feature of contemporary state-building. International frameworks, such as the New Deal, emphasise the need to create legitimate politics as part of building stable states and peaceful societies. Open questions remain about how to achieve the goal of more legitimate domestic governance. Which constituencies matter for evaluating a state’s legitimacy? Are more democratic states necessarily more legitimate states? What is the relationship between inclusion and legitimacy? 

The ‘Broadening Participation’ project investigates inclusion in peace processes and political transitions. Such processes are particularly important because they are often intended to resolve serious crises of legitimacy, in which prior assumptions about who has the right to govern, and on what basis, are brought into question.

In collaboration with Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University in Boston, the IPTI’s qualitative case study dataset is being used to investigate the relevance of inclusion for legitimacy in complex multi-stakeholder negotiations within the context of overall peace and political transition processes. This research project on inclusion and state legitimacy is part of a larger project on State Legitimacy conducted at the Fletcher School