Women in Peace and Transition Processes – Sudan: Darfur (2009–2017)
After the collapse of the Darfur Peace Agreement in 2006, and the failure of subsequent talks, a new round of negotiations to bring peace to Darfur began in Doha, Qatar, in 2009. The Doha Document for Peace was signed in 2011. Women participated primarily in consultations, and succeeded in formulating a unified pro-women agenda that was considered both in the consultations and the final peace agreement. Their influence on the peace process was mainly enabled by effective advocacy and communication strategies, supported by international partners, coalition-building with others in Darfuri civil society, and pressure from international actors on the negotiating parties. However, the meaningful participation of civil society as a whole was ultimately impeded by a lack of decision-making power, and the negotiating parties were indifferent to women’s demands in particular. The Doha Document was never fully implemented and the situation for women in Sudan, and Darfur, has arguably worsened since negotiations began.