Women in Peace and Transition Processes: Somalia (2002–2004)
Women had an intermediate influence over the Somalia National Reconciliation Conference, held in the Kenyan cities of Eldoret and Mbagathi between October 2002 and October 2004. Some women activists participated as delegates in the powerful Leaders’ Committee and the six Reconciliation Committees, and others were official observers to the conference. They consulted with conflict parties and mediators and organized public protests in Mogadishu. Women’s crucial role as brokers between the conflict parties prevented the negotiations from collapsing. Women’s group leaders were well prepared throughout the process and strategically leveraged both national and international support networks.