Women in Peace and Transition Processes: Somalia (2000)
The Somali National Peace Conference held in Arta, Djibouti, in 2000 was one of the most inclusive peace conferences since the collapse of the state and the outbreak of war in 1991. The Conference, aimed at ending the war and re-establishing a central government, included civil society groups, clan elders, and politicians. Women’s organizations were officially included, thanks to their successful advocacy vis-à-vis those involved in the Conference’s organization, including UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan and facilitator President Guelleh of Djibouti. Women’s organizations built a strong coalition to increase their influence in the negotiations, which took the name the Women’s Clan, and became known as “the Sixth Clan”.