Women in Peace and Transition Processes: Nepal (2008–2012)
Nepali women’s groups played a prominent role in the popular movement that brought down King Gyanendra’s authoritarian rule in 2006. This paved the way for the Comprehensive Peace Agreement between the Government of Nepal and the Maoist armed group, which had been fighting since 1996. The key mechanism for implementing this peace agreement was the Constituent Assembly, tasked with establishing a new set of principles to govern Nepal, including drafting a revised constitution. The Constituent Assembly featured 33 percent women throughout all delegations. For Nepal, this level of representation was remarkable: until 2007, women had never comprised more than six percent of the country’s parliamentarians.
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